The University of Arizona

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Other Authors (Organized by Publication Date) PDF Download Other Author References

  1. Levine, D., Marziali, E., & Hood, J. (1997). Emotion processing in borderline personality disorders. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 185(4), 240-246.

  2. Machado, P. P., Beutler, L. E., & Greenberg, L. S. (1999). Emotion recognition in psychotherapy: Impact of therapist level of experience and emotional awareness. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(1), 39-57.

  3. Berthoz, S., Ouhayoun, B., Parage, N., Kirzenbaum, M., Bourgey, M., & Allilaire, J. F. (2000). Étude préliminaire des niveaux de conscience émotionnelle chez des patients déprimés et des contrôles. Discussion. In Annales médico-psychologiques (Vol. 158, No. 8, pp. 665-672).

  4. Conway, M. (2000). On sex roles and representations of emotional experience: Masculinity, femininity, and emotional awareness. Sex roles,43(9-10), 687-698.

  5. Suslow, T., Donges, U. S., Kersting, A., & Arolt, V. (2000). 20‐Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Do difficulties describing feelings assess proneness to shame instead of difficulties symbolizing emotions?. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 41(4), 329-334.

  6. Suslow, T., Junghanns, K., Donges, U. S., & Arolt, V. (2001). Alexithymia and automatic processing of verbal and facial affect stimuli. Cahiers de Psychologie Cognitive/Current Psychology of Cognition.

  7. Suslow, T., Kersting, A., Ohrmann, P., & Arolt, V. (2001). A critique of the construct “alexithymia” and its measurement - The weakness of self-report and the opportunities of an objective assessment approach . Zeitschrift Fur Psychosomatische Medizin Und Psychotherapie, 47(2), 153–166.

  8. Subič-Wrana, C., Thomas, W., Huber, M., & Köhle, K. (2001). Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS). Psychotherapeut, 46(3), 176–181.

  9. Subič-Wrana, C., Bruder, S., Thomas, W., Gaus, E., Merkle, W., & Köhle, K. (2002). Verteilung des Persönlichkeitsmerkmals Alexithymie bei Patienten in stationärer psychosomatischer Behandlung-gemessen mit TAS-20 und LEAS/Distribution of alexithymia as a personality trait in psychosomatically ill inpatients -- measured with TAS-20 and LEAS. PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 52(11), 454-460.
    [German]

  10. Bydlowski, S., Corcos, M., Paterniti, S., Guilbaud, O., Jeammet, P., & Consoli, S. (2002). French validation study of the levels of emotional awareness scale. Encephale-Revue De Psychiatrie Clinique Biologique Et Therapeutique, 28(4), 310-320.

  11. Bydlowski, S., Corcos, M., Consoli, S., Paterniti, S., Laurier, C., Chambry, J., . . . Jeammet, P. (2002). Anhedonia and emotional awareness: Facts and perspectives in eating disorders. Annales De Medecine Interne, 153(7 Suppl), S52-S61.

  12. Croyle, K. L., & Waltz, J. (2002). Emotional awareness and couples’ relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28(4), 435-444.

  13. Lundh, L. G., Johnsson, A., Sundqvist, K., & Olsson, H. (2002). Alexithymia, memory of emotion, emotional awareness, and perfectionism. Emotion, 2(4), 361.

  14. Barchard, K. A. (2003). Does emotional intelligence assist in the prediction of academic success?. Educational and psychological measurement, 63(5), 840-858. doi:10.1177/0013164403251333

  15. Waller, E., & Scheidt, C. E. (2004). Somatoform disorders as disorders of affect regulation: a study comparing the TAS-20 with non-self-report measures of alexithymia. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 57(3), 239-247.

  16. Ciarrochi, J., Caputi, P., & Mayer, J. D. (2003). The distinctiveness and utility of a measure of trait emotional awareness. Personality and Individual Differences, 34(8), 1477-1490.

  17. Kang, S. M., & Shaver, P. R. (2004). Individual differences in emotional complexity: Their psychological implications. Journal of Personality, 72(4), 687-726.

  18. Yousefi, F. (2004). Levels of emotional awareness scale among iranian gifted and nongifted high school students. Psychological Reports, 95(2), 504-506. doi:10.2466/PR0.95.6.504-506

  19. Barchard, K. A., & Hakstian, A. R. (2004). The Nature and Measurement of Emotional Intelligence Abilities: Basic Dimensions and Their Relationships with Other Cognitive Ability and Personality Variables. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 64(3), 437-462. doi: 10.1177/0013164403261762

  20. Novick-Kline, P., Turk, C., Mennin, D., Hoyt, E., & Gallagher, C. (2005). Level of emotional awareness as a differentiating variable between individuals with and without generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19(5), 557-572. doi:10.1016/j.janxdix.2004.06.001

  21. Donges, U. S., Kersting, A., Dannlowski, U., Lalee-Mentzel, J., Arolt, V., & Suslow, T. (2005). Reduced awareness of others’ emotions in unipolar depressed patients. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 193(5), 331-337.

  22. Bydlowski, S., Corcos, M., Jeammet, P., Paterniti, S., Berthoz, S., Laurier, C., ... & Consoli, S. M. (2005). Emotion‐processing deficits in eating disorders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 37(4), 321-329.

  23. Simson, U., Martin, K., Schäfer, R., Janssen, P., & Franz, M. (2005). Alexithymie in einer klinischen Stichprobe/Alexithymia in a clinical sample. PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 55(07), 347-353.

  24. Ciarrochi, J., Hynes, K., & Crittenden, N. (2005). Can men do better if they try harder: Sex and motivational effects on emotional awareness. Cognition & Emotion, 19(1), 133-141.

  25. Lumley, M. A., Gustavson, B. J., Partridge, R. T., & Labouvie-Vief, G. (2005). Assessing alexithymia and related emotional ability constructs using multiple methods: Interrelationships among measures. Emotion, 5(3), 329-342. doi:10.1037/1528-3542.5.3.329

  26. Jouanne, C., Edel, Y., & Carton, S. (2005). Emotional deficits among multiple substances abusers. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 163(8), 625-630. doi:10.1016/j.amp.2004.05.013

  27. Bréjard, V., Bonnet, A., & Pedinielli, J. (2005). Développement cognitivo-émotionnel, régulation des émotions et comportements à risques: Une étude exploratoire chez l'adolescent. Neuropsychiatrie De l'Enfance Et De l'Adolescence, 53(8), 395-400. doi:10.1016/j.neurenf.2005.09.018

  28. Consoli, S., Rolhion, S., Martin, C., Ruel, K., Cambazard, F., Pellet, J., & Misery, L. (2006). Low levels of emotional awareness predict a better response to dermatological treatment in patients with psoriasis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(3), 423-424.

  29. Simson, U., Martin, K., Schafer, R., Franz, M., & Janssen, P. (2006). Changes in alexithymia and emotional awareness during psychotherapeutic inpatient treatment. Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie, 56(9-10), 376-382. doi:10.1055/s-2006-940127

  30. Barth, G. M., & Klonsinski, G. (2007). Emotionale entwicklung und kunst-therapeutische symbolisierung/Emotional development and the symbolization of art therapy. Tanz- und Kunsttherapie, 18(1), 22-32. doi: 10.1026/0933-6885.18.1.22

  31. Tull, M. T., & Roemer, L. (2007). Emotion regulation difficulties associated with the experience of uncued panic attacks: Evidence of experiential avoidance, emotional nonacceptance, and decreased emotional clarity. Behavior Therapy, 38(4), 378-391. doi:10.1016/j.beth.2006.10.006

  32. Carton, S., Bayard, S., Jouanne, C., & Lagrue, G. (2008). Emotional awareness and alexithymia in smokers seeking help for cessation: A clinical analysis. Journal of Smoking Cessation, 3(2), 81-91. doi: 10.1375/jsc.3.2.81

  33. Baslet, G., Termini, L., & Herbener, E. (2009). Deficits in emotional awareness in schizophrenia and their relationship with other measures of functioning. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 197(9), 655-660. doi:10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181b3b20f

  34. Radice-Neumann, D., Zupan, B., Tomita, M., & Willer, B. (2009). Training emotional processing in persons with brain injury. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 24(5), 313-323. doi:10.1097/HTR.0b013e3181b09160

  35. Carton, S., Bayard, S., Paget, V., Jouanne, C., Varescon, I., Edel, Y., & Detilleux, M. (2010). Emotional awareness in substance‐dependent patients.Journal of Clinical Psychology, 66(6), 599-610.

  36. Bochand, L., & Nandrino, J. (2010). Levels of emotional awareness in alcohol-dependent patients and abstinent alcoholics. Encephale-Revue De Psychiatrie Clinique Biologique Et Therapeutique, 36(4), 334-339. doi:10.1016/j.encep.2009.12.013

  37. Oldershaw, A., Hambrook, D., Tchanturia, K., Treasure, J., & Schmidt, U. (2010). Emotional theory of mind and emotional awareness in recovered anorexia nervosa patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72(1), 73-79. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181c6c7ca

  38. Parling, T., Mortazavi, M., & Ghaderi, A. (2010). Alexithymia and emotional awareness in anorexia nervosa: time for a shift in the measurement of the concept?. Eating behaviors, 11(4), 205-210.

  39. Tavares, P., Barnard, P. J., & Lawrence, A. D. (2011). Emotional complexity and the neural representation of emotion in motion. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6(1), 98-108. doi:10.1093/scan/nsq021

  40. Parling, T., Mortazavi, M., & Ghaderi, A. (2010). Alexithymia and emotional awareness in anorexia nervosa: time for a shift in the measurement of the concept?. Eating behaviors, 11(4), 205-210.

  41. Pasquier, A., & Pedinielli, J. L. (2010). Étude exploratoire des relations entre conscience émotionnelle, partage social des émotions, états anxieux et états dépressifs. L'Encéphale, 36, D97-D104.

  42. Brejard, V., Pasquier, A., Bonnet, A., & Pedinielli, J. (2011). Comparative study of the subjective emotional experience among adolescents showing depressive symptoms associated or not with risk-taking behavior. Encephale-Revue De Psychiatrie Clinique Biologique Et Therapeutique, 37(4), 257-265. doi:10.1016/j.encep.2010.12.003

  43. Bréjard, V., Bonnet, A., Pasquier, A., Pedinielli, J. (2011). Symptomatologie dépressive à l’adolescence : rôle de la personnalité et de la conscience émotionnelle. Neuropsychiatrie del’enfance et de l’adolescence, 59(3), 157-162. doi: :10.1016/j.neurenf.2010.07.013

  44. Veirman, E., Brouwers, S. A., & Fontaine, J. R. J. (2011). The assessment of emotional awareness in children: Validation of the levels of emotional awareness scale for children. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27(4), 265-273. doi:10.1027/1015-5759/a000073

  45. Subič-Wrana, C., Beetz, A., Wiltink, J., & Beutel, M. E. (2011). Unresolved attachment and remembered childhood trauma in patients undergoing psychosomatic inpatient treatment. Zeitschrift Fur Psychosomatische Medizin Und Psychotherapie, 57(4), 325–342. http://doi.org/10.13109/zptm.2011.57.4.325

  46. Szczygieł, D., Buczny, J., & Bazińska, R. (2012). Emotion regulation and emotional information processing: The moderating effect of emotional awareness. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(3), 433-437. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2011.11.005

  47. Baeza-Velasco, C., Carton, S., Almohsen, C., Blotman, F., & Gély-Nargeot, M. C. (2012). Alexithymia and emotional awareness in females with Painful Rheumatic Conditions. Journal of psychosomatic research, 73(5), 398-400.
  48. Barchard, K. A., Hensley, S., Anderson, E. D., & Walker, H. E. (2013). Measuring the ability to perceive the emotional connotations of written language. Journal of Personality Assessment, 95(4), 332-342. doi:10.1080/00223891.2012.736906

  49. Beutel, M. E., Scheurich, V., Knebel, A., Michal, M., Wiltink, J., Graf-Morgenstern, M., . . . Subic-Wrana, C. (2013). Implementing panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy into clinical practice. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 58(6), 326-334.

  50. DeJong, H., Van den Eynde, F., Broadbent, H., Kenyon, M. D., Lavender, A., Startup, H., & Schmidt, U. (2013). Social cognition in bulimia nervosa: A systematic review. European Psychiatry, 28(1), 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2011.07.002

  51. Gandolphe, M., Nandrino, J., Hancart, S., & Vosgien, V. (2013). Autobiographical memory and differentiation of schematic models in substance-dependent patients. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 44(1), 114-121. doi:10.1016/j.jbtep.2012.07.012

  52. Nandrino, J. L., Baracca, M., Antoine, P., Paget, V., Bydlowski, S., & Carton, S. (2013). Level of emotional awareness in the general French population: Effects of gender, age, and education level. International Journal of Psychology, 48(6), 1072-1079.

  53. Roberton, T., Daffern, M., & Bucks, R. S. (2014). Maladaptive emotion regulation and aggression in adult offenders. Psychology, Crime & Law, 20(10), 933-954. doi:10.1080/1068316X.2014.893333

  54. Roberton, T., Daffern, M., & Bucks, R. S. (2013). Oral administration of the levels of emotional awareness scale. Australian Journal of Psychology, 65(3), 172-179. doi:10.1111/ajpy.12018

  55. Rommel, D., Nandrino, J., Antoine, P., & Dodin, V. (2013). Emotional differentiation and parental bonding in inpatients suffering from eating disorders. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 52(2), 215-229. doi:10.1111/bjc.12010

  56. Wotschack, C., & Klann-Delius, G. (2013). Alexithymia and the conceptualization of emotions: A study of language use and semantic knowledge. Journal of Research in Personality, 47(5), 514-523. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2013.01.011

  57. Montag, C., Haase, L., Seidel, D., Bayerl, M., Gallinat, J., Herrmann, U., & Dannecker, K. (2014). A pilot RCT of psychodynamic group art therapy for patients in acute psychotic episodes: Feasibility, impact on symptoms and mentalising capacity. Plos One, 9(11), e112348. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0112348

  58. Lichev, V., Rufer, M., Rosenberg, N., Ihme, K., Grabe, H., Kugel, H., . . . Suslow, T. (2014). Assessing alexithymia and emotional awareness: Relations between measures in a german non-clinical sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 55(4), 952-959. doi:10.1016/j.comppsych.2013.12.013

  59. Zunhammer, M., Halski, A., Eichhammer, P., & Busch, V. (2015). Theory of mind and emotional awareness in chronic somatoform pain patients. Plos One, 10(10), e0140016. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140016

  60. Burger, A., Lumley, M., Carty, J., Latsch, D., Thakur, E., Hyde-Nolan, M., . . . Schubiner, H. (2016). The effects of a novel psychological attribution and emotional awareness and expression therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain: A preliminary, uncontrolled trial. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 81, 1-8. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.12.003

  61. Doherty, H., Lockhart, N., Lumley, M., Williams, D., Schubiner, H., & Clauw, D. (2016). Emotional abilities moderate responses to different psychological interventions for fibromyalgia. Journal of Pain, 17(4), S98-S98. doi:10.1016/j.jpain.2016.01.302

  62. Kuzucu, Y. (2016). Duygusal farkındalık düzeyi ölçeğinin uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışmaları. Türk Psikolojik Danışma ve Rehberlik Dergisi, 3(29). [A study with the aim of adapting the LEAS to Turkish culture]

  63. Pietri, M., & Bonnet, A. (2016). Alexithymie et victimation chronique au sein du couple. Annales Médico-Psychologiques, Revue Psychiatrique, doi:10.1016/j.amp.2016.06.004

  64. Veirman, E., Fontaine, J., & Van Ryckeghem, D. (2016). A componential emotion approach for the assessment of emotional awareness in youth. Psychological Assessment, 28(11), 1416-1426. doi:10.1037/pas0000261

  65. Barchard, K. A. & Picker, C. J. (2017).  Computer scoring of emotional awareness in a non-clinical population of adults. Journal of Personality Assessment. doi:10.1080/00223891.2017.1282866

  66. Maroti, D., Molander, P., & Bileviciute‐Ljungar, I. (2017). Differences in alexithymia and emotional awareness in exhaustion syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome. Scandinavian journal of psychology, 58(1), 52-61.

  67. Neumann, D., Malec, J. F., & Hammond, F. M. (2017). Reductions in alexithymia and emotion dysregulation after training emotional self-awareness following traumatic brain injury: A phase I trial. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi:10.1097/HTR.0000000000000277

  68. Lumley, M. A., Schubiner, H., Lockhart, N. A., Kidwell, K. M., Harte, S. E., Clauw, D. J., & Williams, D. A. (2017). Emotional awareness and expression therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and education for fibromyalgia: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Pain, 158(12), 2354-2363.
  69.  Maroti, D., Lilliengren, P., & Bileviciute-Ljungar, I. (2018). The Relationship Between Alexithymia and Emotional Awareness: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Correlation Between TAS-20 and LEAS. Frontiers in psychology9, 453.