The University of Arizona

Dr. Lane as Author

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  1. Authored by Richard D. Lane, M.D., Ph.D. (organized by publication date – as of 9/1/2021)

    **References use the LEAS-C

    1. Lane, R. D., & Schwartz, G. E. (1987). Levels of emotional awareness: A cognitive-developmental theory and its application to psychopathology. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 133-143.
    2. Lane, R. D., Quinlan, D. M., Schwartz, G. E., Walker, P. A., & Zeitlin, S. B. (1990). The levels of emotional awareness scale: A cognitive-developmental measure of emotion. Journal of Personality Assessment, 55(1-2), 124-134.
    3. Lane, R. D., & Schwartz, G. E. (1992). Levels of emotional awareness: Implications for psychotherapeutic integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 2, 1-18.
    4. Lane, R. D., Kivley, L. S., Du Bois, M. A., Shamasundara, P., & Schwartz, G. E. (1995). Levels of emotional awareness and the degree of right hemispheric dominance in the perception of facial emotion. Neuropsychologia, 33(5), 525-538.
    5. Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., Reidel, R., Weldon, V., Kaszniak, A., & Schwartz, G. E. (1996). Impaired verbal and nonverbal emotion recognition in alexithymia. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58(3), 203-210.
    6. Lane, R. D., Ahern, G. L., Schwartz, G. E., & Kaszniak, A. W. (1997). Is alexithymia the emotional equivalent of blindsight? Biological Psychiatry, 42, 834-844
    7. Lane, R. D., Reiman, E. M., Axelrod, B., Yun, L., Holmes, A., & Schwartz, G. E. (1998). Neural correlates of levels of emotional awareness: Evidence of an interaction between emotion and attention in the anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 10(4), 525-535.
    8. Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., & Riedel, R. (1998). Sociodemographic correlates of alexithymia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39(6), 377-385.
    9. Barrett, L. F., Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., & Schwartz, G. E. (2000). Sex differences in emotional awareness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(9), 1027-1035.
    10. Lane, R. D. (2000). Levels of emotional awareness: Neurological, psychological, and social perspectives. Handbook of Emotional Intelligence. Eds. Parker, J., & Bar-On, R. San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 171-191.
    11. Lane, R. D. (2000). Neural correlates of conscious emotional experience. Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion, Eds. Lane, R., Nadel, L., Ahern, G., Allen, J., Kaszniak, A., Rapcsak, S., & Schwartz, G. New York, Oxford University Press. 345-370.
    12. Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Shapiro, D. E., & Kaszniak, A. W. (2000). Pervasive emotion recognition deficit common to alexithymia and the repressive coping style. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62(4), 492-501.
    13. Lane, R. D., & Nadel, L. (2002). Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press, USA.
    14. Lane, R., & Zei, B. (2002). Complexity of emotion representations. The Wisdom in Feelings: Psychological Processes in Emotional Intelligence, Eds. Feldman-Barrett, L. & Salovey, P. Guilford Press, 271-296.
    15. Lane, R. D., & McRae, K. (2004). Neural substrates of conscious emotional experience: A cognitive-neuroscientific perspective. Advances in Consciousness Research, 54, 87-122.
    16. Bajgar, J., Ciarrochi, J., Lane, R., & Deane, F. P. (2005) Development of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale for children (LEAS-C). British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23(4), 569-586.**
    17. Lane, R. D., & Garfield, D. A. (2005). Becoming aware of feelings: Integration of cognitive-developmental, neuroscientific, and psychoanalytic perspectives. Neuropsychoanalysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Psychoanalysis and the Neurosciences, 7(1), 5-30.
    18. Subic-Wrana, C., Bruder, S., Thomas, W., Lane, R. D., & Köhle, K. (2005). Emotional awareness deficits in inpatients of a psychosomatic ward: A comparison of two different measures of alexithymia. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(3), 483-489.
    19. Frewen, P., Lane, R. D., Neufeld, R. W., Densmore, M., Stevens, T., & Lanius, R. (2008). Neural correlates of levels of emotional awareness during trauma script-imagery in posttraumatic stress disorder. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70(1), 27-31.
    20. Lane, R. D. (2008). Neural substrates of implicit and explicit emotional processes: A unifying framework for psychosomatic medicine. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70(2), 214-231.
    21. McRae, K., Reiman, E. M., Fort, C. L., Chen, K., & Lane, R. D. (2008). Association between trait emotional awareness and dorsal anterior cingulate activity during emotion is arousal-dependent. Neuroimage, 41(2), 648-655.
    22. Baker, J., Lane, R., & Izdebski, K. (2009). Emotion processing deficits in functional voice disorders. Emotions in the Human Voice, 3, 105-136.
    23. Barchard, K. A., Bajgar, J., Leaf, D. E., & Lane, R. D. (2010). Computer scoring of the levels of emotional awareness scale. Behavior Research Methods, 42(2), 586-595.
    24. Consoli, S. M., Lemogne, C., Roch, B., Laurent, S., Plouin, P., & Lane, R. D. (2010). Differences in emotion processing in patients with essential and secondary hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension, 23(5), 515-521.
    25. McRae, K., Taitano, E. K., & Lane, R. D. (2010). The effects of verbal labeling on psychophysiology: Objective but not subjective emotion labeling reduces skin-conductance responses to briefly presented pictures. Cognition and Emotion, 24(5), 829-839. doi:10.1080/02699930902797141
    26. Subic-Wrana, C., Beutel, M. E., Knebel, A., & Lane, R. D. (2010). Theory of mind and emotional awareness deficits in patients with somatoform disorders. Psychosomatic Medicine, 72(4), 404-411.
    27. Igarashi, T., Komaki, G., Lane, R. D., Moriguchi, Y., Nishimura, H., Arakawa, H., & Maeda, M. (2011). The reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS-J). BioPsychoSocial Medicine, 5, 1-9. doi:10.1186/1751-0759-5-2
    28. Lane, R. D., Carmichael, C., & Reis, H. T. (2011). Differentiation in the momentary rating of somatic symptoms covaries with trait emotional awareness in patients at risk for sudden cardiac death. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73(2), 185-192. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e318203b86a
    29. Subic-Wrana, C., Beutel, M. E., Garfield, D. A., & Lane, R. D. (2011) Levels of emotional awareness: A model for conceptualizing and measuring emotion-centered structural change. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 92(2), 289-310.
    30. Stonnington, C. M., Ritenbaugh, C., Locke, D. E. C., Hsu, C.-H., & Lane, R. D. (2013) Somatization is associated with deficits in affective theory of mind. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 74(6), 479-85.
    31. Torrado, M., Ouakinin , S., & Lane, R. D. (2013) Measuring emotional awareness from a cognitive-developmental perspective: Portuguese adaptation studies of the Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale. Acta Médica Portuguesa, 26(2), 145-53.
    32. Ihme, K., Sacher, J., Lichev, V., Rosenberg, N., Kugel, H., Rufer, M., ... & Villringer, A. (2014). Alexithymic features and the labeling of brief emotional facial expressions–An fMRI study. Neurpsychoologia64, 289-299.
    33. Lichev, V., Sacher, J., Ihme, K., Rosenberg, N., Quirin, M., Lepsien, J., ... & Suslow, T. (2014). Automatic emotion processing as a function of trait emotional awareness: An fMRI study. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience10(5), 680-689.
    34. Moeller, S. J., Konova, A. B., Parvaz, M. A., Tomasi, D., Lane, R. D., Fort, C., & Goldstein, R. Z. (2014) Functional, structural, and emotional correlates of impaired insight in cocaine addiction. JAMA Psychiatry, 71(1), 61-70.
    35. Subic-Wrana, C., Beutel, M. E., Brähler, E., Stöbel-Richter, Y., Knebel, A., Lane, R. D., & Wiltink, J. (2014). How is emotional awareness related to emotion regulation strategies and self-reported negative affect in the general population? PloS One9(3), e91846.
    36. Lane, R. D., Hsu, C. H., Locke, D. E., Ritenbaugh, C., & Stonnington, C. M. (2015). Role of theory of mind in emotional awareness and alexithymia: Implications for conceptualization and measurement. Consciousness and cognition33, 398-405.
    37. Lane, R. D., Weihs, K. L., Herring, A., Hishaw, A., & Smith, R. (2015). Affective agnosia: Expansion of the alexithymia construct and a new opportunity to integrate and extend Freud's legacy. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews55, 594-611.
    38. Chhatwal, J., & Lane, R. D. (2016). A cognitive-developmental model of emotional awareness and its application to the practice of psychotherapy. Psychodynamic Psychiatry44(2), 305-325.
    39. Subic-Wrana, C., Greenberg, L. S., Lane, R. D., Michal, M., Wiltink, J., & Beutel, M. E. (2016). Affective change in psychodynamic psychotherapy: Theoretical models and clinical approaches to changing emotions. Zeitschrift für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie62(3), 207-223.
    40. Verkuil, B., Brosschot, J. F., Tollenaar, M. S., Lane, R. D., & Thayer, J. F. (2016). Prolonged non-metabolic heart rate variability reduction as a physiological marker of psychological stress in daily life. Annals of Behavioral Medicine50(5), 704-714.
    41. Smith, R., Lane, R. D., Alkozei, A., Bao, J., Smith, C., Sanova, A., ... & Killgore, W. D. (2017). Maintaining the feelings of others in working memory is associated with activation of the left anterior insula and left frontal-parietal control network. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience12(5), 848-860.
    42. Smith, R., Alkozei, A., Bao, J., Smith, C., Lane, R. D., & Killgore, W. D. (2017). Resting state functional connectivity correlates of emotional awareness. NeuroImage, 1(159), 99-106.
    43. Smith, R., Killgore, W. D. S., & Lane, R. D. (2018). The structure of emotional experience and its relation to trait emotional awareness: A theoretical review. Emotion, 18(5), 670-692. 
    44. Wright, R., Riedel, R., Sechrest, L., Lane, R. D., & Smith, R. (2018). Sex differences in emotion recognition ability: The mediating role of trait emotional awareness. Motivation and Emotion42(1), 149-160.
    45. Smith, R., Bajaj, S., Dailey, N. S., Alkozei, A., Smith, C., Sanova, A., ... & Killgore, W. D. (2018). Greater cortical thickness within the limbic visceromotor network predicts higher levels of trait emotional awareness. Consciousness and Cognition57, 54-61.
    46. Smith, R., Lane, R. D., Alkozei, A., Bao, J., Smith, C., Sanova, A., ... & Killgore, W. D. (2018). The role of medial prefrontal cortex in the working memory maintenance of one’s own emotional responses. Scientific Reports8(1), 3460.                        
    47. Herrmann, A. S., Beutel, M. E., Gerzymisch, K., Lane, R. D., Pastore-Molitor, J., Wiltink, J., ... & Subic-Wrana, C. (2018). The impact of attachment distress on affect-centered mentalization: An experimental study in psychosomatic patients and healthy adults. PloS One13(4), e0195430.
    48. Smith, R., Sanova, A., Alkozei, A., Lane, R.D., & Killgore, W. D. (2018). Higher levels of trait emotional awareness are associated with more efficient global information integration throughout the brain: A graph-theoretic analysis of resting state functional connectivity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 13(7), 665–675.
    49. Smith, R., Lane, R. D., Alkozei, A., Bao, J., Smith, C., Sanova, A., Nettles, M., & Killgore, W. D. S. (2018). Common and unique neural systems underlying the maintenance of emotional vs. bodily reactions to affective stimuli: The moderating role of emotional awareness. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12, 370.
    50. Versluis, A., Verkuil, B., Lane, R. D., Hagemann, D., Thayer, J. F., & Brosschot, J. F. (2018). Ecological momentary assessment of emotional awareness: Preliminary evaluation of psychometric properties. Current Psychology, 1-9.
    51. Jalenques, I., Rondepierre, F., Mulliez, A., Lane, R. D., D’Incan, M., Consoli, S. M., & The LuPsy cohort investigators. (2018). Lower emotion awareness in skin-restricted lupus patients: A case-controlled study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 87(5), 313-315.
    52. Smith, R., Quinlan, D., Schwartz, G. E., Sanova, A., Alkozei, A., & Lane, R. D. (2019). Developmental contributions to emotional awareness. Journal of Personality Assessment, 101(2): 150-158.
    53. Smith, R., Kaszniak, A. W., Katsanis, J., Lane, R. D.*, & Nielsen, L.* (2019). The importance of identifying underlying process abnormalities in alexithymia: Implications of the three-process model and a single case study illustration. Consciousness and Cognition, 68, 33-46.
      (*joint senior authors)
    54. Smith, R., Lane, R. D., Parr, T., & Friston, K. J. (2019). A potential neurocomputational basis of emotional awareness: Mechanistic insights afforded by a deep temporal active inference model and their clinical relevance. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 107, 473-491.
    1. Smith, R., Gudleski, G. D., Lane, R. D.*, & Lackner, J. M.* (2020). Higher emotional awareness is associated with reduced pain in irritable bowel syndrome patients: Preliminary results. Psychological Reports123(6), 2227-2247.
      (*joint senior authors)
    2. Lane, R. D. (2020). The construction of emotional experience: State-related emotional awareness and its application to psychotherapy research and practice. Invited paper for a special issue of Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 20(3), 479-487.
    3. Lane, R. D., Solms, M., Weihs, K. L., Hishaw, A., & Smith, R. (2020). Affective agnosia: A core affective processing deficit in the alexithymia spectrum. Biopsychosocial Medicine, 14(1), 1-14.
    4. Smith, R., Steklis, D., Steklis, N., Weihs, K. L., & Lane, R. D. (2020). Evolution and development of the uniquely human capacity for emotional awareness: Synthesis of comparative anatomical, cognitive, neurocomputational and evolutionary psychological perspectives. Biological Psychology, 107925.
    5. Lane, R. D., Greenberg, L., Subic-Wrana, C., & Yovel, I. (2020). The role of enhanced emotional awareness in promoting change across psychotherapy modalities. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.
    6. Lane, R. D. (2020). Alexithymia 3.0: Reimagining alexithymia from a medical perspective. Invited commentary for Biopsychosocial Medicine, 14(1), 1-8.
    7. Smith, R., Persich, M., Lane, R. D., & Killgore, W. D. S. (2021). Higher emotional awareness is associated with greater domain-general reflective tendencies. Cognition and Emotion (submitted).
    8. Lane, R. D. (2021). Levels of emotional awareness: Theory and measurement of a socio-emotional skill. Invited featured article in special issue on socio-emotional abilities. Journal of Intelligence, 9(3), 42.
    9. Lane, R. D. (2021). Paving the way for flourishing: Levels of emotional awareness, memory reconsolidation and the transformation of implicit motives. Invited paper for special issue on “Depth of the self and flourishing.” Theory and Psychology (submitted)
    10. Lane, R. D., Schwartz, G. E., & Smith, R. (2021). Levels of emotional awareness: A comprehensive review of a cognitive-emotional skill and its clinical applications. Psychological Bulletin (in preparation).
    11. Smith, R., Steklis, H. D., Steklis, N., Weihs, K. L., Allen, J. J. B., & Lane, R. D. (2021). Lower emotional awareness is associated with greater early adversity and faster life history strategy. Evolutionary Behavioral Sciences (in press September 2021).